Getting Ready to Drive
- Ensure that you are comfortable with your mental and physical condition.
- Inspect your vehicle and ascertain the mechanical fitness of the Vehicle.
- While driving you should carry your driving licence, registration certificate, insurance certificate and pollution control certificate. Transport and commercial vehicle drivers should carry the permits and vehicle fitness certificates also.
- While driving the driver should observe Lane Driving and must have a clear vision to which side he is going in next junction.
- Always maintain ideal braking distance.
A combination of knowledge, skill and attitude is required to be a safe driver.
Physical and mental alertness
- Be in good physical and mental condition before driving.
DON'T DRIVE IF YOU
- are under the influence of intoxicants.
- are taking any medicine or drug that affects your responses.
- are tired as tiredness affects your driving skills and reaction time.
- are sick or injured.
- are angry or upset.
You could be risking your life or lives of others on the road.
Know your vehicle
- Go through the vehicle owner's manual.
- Know the features of your vehicle. Example - Anti-lock brakes, 4-wheel drive, power steering etc.
- Ensure that you know where the controls and instruments are and what are their functions.
- Check that all emergency signals and instruments function properly.
- You should be able to turn on wipers, washers, headlights, indicators etc. without having to look at them and without taking your eyes off the road.
- Proper, upright position gives more stability while driving.
- Make sure you can see over the steering wheel and hood.
- You should be able to see the ground 4-5 feet in front of the vehicle for proper judgment.
- Sit straight upright in the seat with your elbows slightly bent.
- Adjust the seat so your feet reach the Clutch, Brake and Accelerator easily. Adjust the head-rest to a proper height. It protects in case of a collision.
The blind spot is an area on each side of the vehicle that you cannot see through the mirrors. Mostly blind spots are to the back left and back right of the vehicle. In the above graphic, the red car is in the blind spot area of the silver car. The green areas in the above graphics show the blind spots of the silver car. Adjust the mirrors to get the maximum view and identify your blind spots. You may not see vehicles when they are in these spots. Position the interior mirror so that the centre of the mirror shows the centre of the rear window. When the interior mirror is properly adjusted you would be able to see directly behind your vehicle. The exterior (wing) mirror adjustment should be made while seated normally for driving. Do not set the right-hand exterior mirror by placing your head against the glass of the driver's door window. Do not adjust the left-hand exterior mirror by leaning to the centre of the vehicle. Side mirrors show only narrow angles of view, so you have to turn your head to make sure there is nothing in your blind spots.
Fasten your Seat-belt
- Fasten your seat belt before you start.
- Seat belts are for your safety not just for avoiding challans.
- Seat belts should be worn properly to keep you in your seat if there is a collision.
- Put the shoulder strap over your shoulder, never under your arm.
- The lap belt should be put low over the hips, not over the stomach.
- Seat belt keeps you behind the wheel and in control of the vehicle in case of a collision.
- Seat belt keeps your head and body from hitting the inside of the vehicle.
- Seat belt keeps you inside the vehicle in a collision. A person who is thrown out of the vehicle during the collision has a higher chance of getting a serious injury.
SEAT BELT SAVES LIFE
Turn on headlights at night and in poor light conditions
- Turn on headlights around 30 minutes after sunset and keep them on until 30 minutes before sunrise.
- Turn on your lights when fog or rain reduces your visibility to less than 100 meters.
- Keep your headlights clean and get them adjusted regularly so that they aim properly.
- In dim light, use your headlights, not parking lights. Parking lights are only for parking.
- If you are travelling on a highway and using high-beam headlights, switch to low-beams within 150 metres of an oncoming vehicle. Switch to your low-beams when you are less than 60 metres behind another vehicle.